Frei Betto: Dominican friar and writer;
leading name in the Base Ecclesial Communities that anticipated Liberation Theology.
A militant against dictatorship, he was for several years a political detainee.
Assessor to several social movements in Brazil, amongst which the Pastoral of
the Workers and the Central Popular Movements. Consultant to the MST. Advisor to the present President of Brazil, Lula da Silva. He has
published 45 books, amongst which O que é comunidade eclesial de
base/ What are Base Ecclesial Communities (reprinted many times);
Fidel e a religião/ Fidel and Religion (1,300,000 volumes
sold only in Cuba); Das catacumbas/ From the Catacombs, letters
which he wrote in prison during the military dictatorship (1969-1973), translated
into 9 languages; his co-authored book with Emir Sader foregrounds civilization
and barbarism at the turn of the century (published by Boitempo).
Ademar Bogo: Ex-seminarian; a militant
in the MST who works in the Sector of Training of the Movement; he has systematized
in books and booklets diverse aspects of the Movement’s culture, such
as the Mística, education, and music. He is also known as a
poet and composer of the Movement’s music, notably the MST anthem.
José Carlos Sebe Bom Meihy: Professor
of the Department of History of the College of Philosoply, Letters and Human
Sciences at the University of São Paulo and coordinator of the Nucleus
for Studies in Oral History, founded in 1991 by the same university. He is the
author of several books, among which are Manual de história oral
[Manual of Oral History (Ed. Loyola, 1998) and Canto de Morte Kaiowá
[Kaiowá Death Song] (Ed. Loyola, 1991).
Sávio Bones: Director of the Instituto
ProJetO, belongs to the Members Collective of the periodical Revista Práxis
and the Editorial Council of the Correio da Cidadania. He is a member
of the Collective of the National Agrarian Secretary of PT, the Labor Party,
and the advisory body of National Confederation of Mineral Workers. A road technician,
he was director of the union Central Unica de Trabalhadores (CUT) of the metropolitan
section of Belo Horizonte, and a member of the executive committees of the PT
of Belo Horizonte, the State Directorship of Minas Gerais and the National Directorship.
Ênio Bönhenberger: Militant
of the MST; coordinator of the Cultural Collective of the Movement.
Araci Cachoeira (Araci Maria dos Santos):
Poeta. Nasceu em em 1953 no estado de Minas Gerais, em Água Formosa (Vale
do Mucuri), onde se encontra a Cachoeira da Beleza que dá origem ao seu
cognome. Herdou de seu pai a arte da poesia e o dom da narrativa caipira, ligados
à infância no meio rural. Preocupada com a questão indígena
no Brasil, em 1995 criou a personagem Jacira Maxacali, uma índia
que faz protestos em defesa dos índios e da natureza. A escrita passou
a ser a arma de combate de Araci Cachoeira na esperança de transformação
de uma nova sociedade.
Roseli Salete Caldart: Member of the
National Collective of the Educational Sector of the MST. Ph.D in Education
from the Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul. Among her publications are
two books published by Editora Vozes, Educação em Movimento:
formação de educadores e educadoras do MST (1997) and Pedagogia
do Movimento Sem Terra (2000).
Haroldo de Campos: Born 1929, São
Paulo, graduated in law and later completed a doctorate in literature from the
Universidade de São Paulo. One of the founders of the movement of Concrete
Poetry in São Paulo in the 1950s, Haroldo de Campos is also an essayist,
translator, and theorist whose works are internationally known. He was one of
the most active figures in world movements of experimental and visual poetry
for over three decades. He was awarded an honorary doctorate from the University
of Montréal and several important prizes, among which are the Lumière
UNUPADEC (Rome, 1998), the Octavio Paz Foundation prize (Mexico, 1999), the
Roger Caillois prize (France, 1999), the Jabuti prize five times (Brazil, 1991,
92, 93, 94, 99). Emeritus professor of semiotics of the Catholic University
of São Paulo, visiting professorships at Yale University (1978) and the
University of Texas at Austin (1791 e 1981). Teaching and lecture tours in Germany,
Spain, France, Italy, Canada, and others. His career includes some 12 books
of poetry, 18 of literary studies, 14 of ‘transcreations’, as well
as projects for the theatre, cinema, and plastic arts. Two universities joined
in a homage to Haroldo de Campos on his seventieth birthday, in Oxford and Yale,
in conferences organized respectively by Else R P Vieira and David Jackson.
Visit also http://www.uol.com.br/haroldodecampos
Antonio Candido: A writer, sociologist
and cultural theorist. A renowned literary critic and foremost historian of
Brazilian Literature, particularly for his Formation of Brazilian Literature.
He inspired an important strain of socio-criticism in Brazil. Formerly a Professor
of Literary Theory and Comparative Literature at the University of São
Paulo, Associate Professor of the University of Paris and Visiting Professor
at the University of Yale.
Bernardo Mançano Fernandes:
Geographer, professor and researcher of the Universidade Estadual Paulista/State
University of São Paulo (UNESP) – Presidente Prudente Campus, São
Paulo. Director of the Nucleus for Studies, Research and Projects on Agrarian
Reform - NERA (Núcleo de Estudos, Pesquisas e Projetos de Reforma
Agrária), where he is organizing the Dataluta (Banco de Dados da
Luta pela Terra/ Data bank on the struggle for the land). A member of the Education
Sector of the MST. Member of the Board of the Association of Brazilian Geographers
(AGB), 1986/1994. Author of MST: Formação e territorialização
(Editora Hucitec) e A formação do MST no Brasil (Editora
Vozes). PhD from the a University of São Paulo (USP). firstname.lastname@example.org
Paulo Freire: Brazilian educator, the
author of the celebrated Pedagogia do oprimido / Pedagogy of the
Oppressed, amongst other contributions towards the development of a critical
dimension in education.
Chico Buarque de Hollanda: Composer,
singer and writer. Unbroken career of success for over three decades. An exponent
of the politically-committed strain of Brazilian Popular Music. The son of the
historian and sociologist Francisco Buarque de Hollanda, he was born in 1944
in Rio and started his career in the 1960s. He was chosen Brazil's Musician
of the Century in a competition sponsored by Isto É, a prominent weekly
news magazine. During the military dictatorship, he went into a self-imposed
exile for two years in Italy. As a novelist, he is better known for Fazenda
Modelo—Novela Pecuária/ Model Farm —A Cattle-Raising
Story, Estorvo/Turbulence and Benjamim. His most famous
plays are Roda Viva, Calabar., Gota D'água/Last
Straw, and Ópera do Malandro/The Trickster’s
Bernard McGuirk: Professor of Romance
Literatures and Literary Theory at the University of Nottingham where he is
also the Head of the Postgraduate School of Critical Theory and Cultural Studies.
He has published widely on literatures in French, Spanish and Portuguese and
his most recent books are Latin American Literature: Symptoms, Risks and
Strategies of Poststructuralist Criticism (Routledge, London) and Poesia
de Guerra (Memo, Sao Paulo). In 1998 he was elected President of the Association
of Hispanists of Great Britain and Ireland; in 1999 he was an inaugural winner
of the Lord Dearing Award for Excellence in Teaching; in 2001 he was appointed
Commander of the Order of Merit by President Jorge Sampaio of Portugal for his
contribution to Lusophone studies and in 2003 he was granted a Senior Research
Fellowship of the University for his research on literary and cinematographic
representations of the Falklands/Malvinas war.
Malcolm McNee: M.A. in Latin American
Studies at Tulane University. Ph.D. Candidate, MacArthur Scholar, and Graduate
School Fellow in Luso-Brazilian Literary and Cultural Studies in the Department
of Spanish and Portuguese at the University of Minnesota. He is presently completing
a dissertation on cultural politics and canon formation in the Landless Movement,
for which he undertook extensive research throughout Brazil His publications
on Brazilian and Portuguese literature and culture, include articles on Machado
de Assis, Brazilian Modernism, Fernando Pessoa, José Saramago, and Tropicália.
E-mail contact: email@example.com
Tetê Morais: Brazilian film director
and producer. Pioneering and innovative work on the land conflicts and the woman.
Several national and international prizes. The DVD with both films, Terra
para Rose /Land for Rose and O Sonho de Rose / Rose's
Dream, and several statements (including Sebastião Salgado and Chico
Buarque), with subtitles in English, French, Spanish and Portuguese, is distributed
by Versátil Home Vídeo (www.dvdversatil.com.br).
Parvati Nair: Lecturer in Hispanic Studies
at Queen Mary, University of London. She writes on ethnicity and migration in
Spain, especially in the context of music, film and photography. She is the
author of the book, Configuring Community: Theories, Narratives and Practices
of Community Identities in Contemporary Spain (forthcoming, MHRA) and co-editor
together with Steve Marsh of Gender and Spanish Cinema (forthcoming,
Berg). E-mail contact: firstname.lastname@example.org
Zé Pinto: Poet, composer, cantador/poet-singer.
He was born in the state of Minas Gerais. When he was a child, his family emigrated
to Rondônia, in the north of Brazil. He started his artistic work in encampments
and settlements at the age of 13. He is one of the producers of the first CD
of the MST, Arte em Movimento/Art in Movement, to which he
also contributes with nine songs. He also participated in the Primeiro Festival
Nacional de Canções da Reforma Agrária/ First
Agrarian Reform Festival, which gave rise to the second CD of the Movement.
He produced the CD of children’s songs of the MST, to which he also contributed
with 11 songs. Uma Prosa Sobre Nós/A Chat About Us
is his individual CD. He is the author of poetry books as Poesia que brota
da luta/Poetry that Sprouts from the Struggle (sold out). His
work of disseminating the MST culture included Portugal, Germany, Belgium and
Darcy Ribeiro: Eminent Brazilian anthropologist
and writer. Minister of Education, founder of the University of Brasília.
A researcher and author of several books.
Sebastião Salgado: A world-renowned
photographer and part of the tradition of "concerned photography".
Considered by many the best documentary photographer in the world today, Sebastião
Salgado has been awarded virtually every major photographic prize and award
in recognition of his accomplishments from institutions around the world. In
1994 he founded his own press agency, Amazonas Images, which represents him
and his work. Of particular relevance are the photographs is his book Terra:
Struggle of the Landless (published in English by Phaidon Press, 1998)
which portray the drama of Brazil’s dispossessed and migrants and of the
various stages of the struggle for land. The book further includes lyrics by
the foremost Brazilian composer Chico Buarque de Hollanda, and a preface by
the Nobel Prize winner José Saramago. The book is dedicated to the millions
of landless families in Brazil whose plight Salgado documented in 1996. The
exhibition Terra, equally resulting from this work, took place in 1997
in 40 countries and over a hundred Brazilian cities. It also marked the beginning
of the activities, at the University of Nottingham, of the project and website
The Sights and Voices of Dispossession, together with the Colloquium
Landless Voices, held in September 2001. As part of the activities
related to the conclusion of the project, Sebastião Salgado was awarded
the degree of Doutor Honoris Causa by the University of Nottingham
in December 2002. For further information on Sebastião Salgado’s
projects and major works, visit his official website www.terra.com.br/sebastiaosalgado
or contact email@example.com The
special website www.nytimes.com/specials/salgado/home
was set up by the New York Times as a tribute to Terra.
Plinio Arruda Sampaio: Politician and
one of the founders of the Workers’s Party (PT). He graduated in Law from
the University of São Paulo and did his postgraduate work at Cornell
University. Consultor to the United Nations (FAO). His political rights were
lifted in 1964, when he exilded in Chile. His political career, upon his return
to Brazil, includes a term as Congress Representative and the candidacy to the
government of São Paulo. Presently he is the director of the Correio
da Cidadania/ Citizenship Newspaper, a weekly publication of commentaries
on the events disseminated by the media.
Sônia Fátima Schwendler:
Pedagogue and professor of the Department of School Planning and Administration
of the Federal University of Paraná. Master’s degree in Rural Educational
Extension. She takes part in research and extension activities with the MST,
in the coordination and assistance in the Educational Project of Young People
and Adults in the Agrarian Reform Settlements in the south Paraná region,
associated with the PRONERA, or National Program of Education in Agrarian Reform).
She has contributed to the discussion of gender in the formative process of
literacy teachers for young people and adults in the agrarian reform settlements.
João Pedro Stedile: Graduated
in Economics from the Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio
Grande do Sul, with post-graduate course at UNAM (Mexico). Assisted the Pastoral
Land Commission, one of the founders of the MSTand current member of the National
Directorship. Author of Questão agrária no Brasil [The
Agrarian Question in Brazil] (São Paulo: Atual Editora, 1997), A
luta pela terra no Brasil [The Struggle for Land in Brazil], with Frei
Sérgio (São Paulo: Scritta, 1993), A reforma agrária
e a luta do MST [Agrarian Reform and the Struggle of the MST] (Petrópolis:
Vozes, 1997), Brava gente: a trajetória do MST e a luta pela terra
no Brasil [Brave People: the Trajectory of the MST and the Struggle for
Land in Brazil], with Bernardo Mançano Fernandes (São Paulo: Fundação
Perseu Abramo, 1999).
Pedro Tierra (Hamilton Pereira): Informal
militant of the MST; he participated in the Comissão Pastoral da
Terra/Pastoral Land Commission (CPT ) together with João
Pedro Stedile. He uses the pseudonym of Pedro Tierra in his poetry. He defines
himself as a comrade of the sem-terra/landless rural workers
by virtue of the shared political identity and his passion as the son of retirantes/
migrants from the North-East who went through the drama of being poor peasants
in Brazil. He started writing verses while he was a political prisoner during
the military dictatorship. When free, he contributed for the founding of unions
of rural workers in many states throughout the country. He has a lifetime trajectory
of political struggle. He was agrarian secretary to the National Directorate
of the PT/Workers’s Party. In 1997 he was invited by the governor of the
Federal District of Brasília to direct the Department of Culture. He
is the director of the Perseu Abramo Foundation. He has published eight books:
Poemas do povo da noite/ Poems of the People of the Night, Água de
rebelião/Water of Rebellion, Missa da terra sem males/Mass of the Land
Without Evils, Missa dos quilombos/Quilombo Mass, Inventar o fogo/Inventing
Fire, Passarinhar/To Bird, Bernardo Sayão e o caminho das onças
/Bernardo Sayão and the Leopard’s Trail. Dies Irae,
his book with 9 texts, focuses on violence in Brazil, particularly in the rural
Charles Trocate: Poet and composer.
He was born in 1977 in Castanhal, in the north-east of the state of Pará.
In 1983 his family migrated to the south of Pará. He now lives in Marabá.
He joined the MST in 1993, at the age of 15, when he took a course for the encampment’s
children. In 1995 he started writing poetry. His engaged literature, born out
of the encampments and settlements, claims agrarian reform and more human dignity.
Else R P Vieira: Project Director &
Academic Editor of The Sights and Images of Dispossession: The Fight for
the Land and the Emerging Culture of the MST while Visiting Senior Research
Fellow in Latin American Studies at the University of Nottingham. Her present
post is in the area of Latin American Studies (with special reference to Brazil),
at Queen Mary, University of London. Her postdoctorate work, in Brazilian Studies,
was at the University of Oxford (Centre for Brazilian Studies), where she was
also a Visiting Fellow in Brazilian Studies. She holds a PhD in Comparative
Literature (the Federal University of Minas Gerais, Brazil, and the University
of Warwick) and an MA and BA from the Federal University of Minas Gerais. Other
affiliations include: University of Oxford, Wadham College; University of Harvard,
David Rockefeller Center for Latin American Studies; University of California
at Berkeley, Center for Latin American Studies; UMIST. Main points of her previous
career in Brazil include: Directorship of Postgraduate Studies in Comparative
Literature and Applied Linguistics; Convenership of Integrated Project on
Intercultural Transfers; Critical and Cultural Theories (University of
Nottingham_UFMG); Implementation of off-campus Masters Programmes at the State
Univeristy of Montes Claros, Minas Gerais, at the Federal University of Pará,
in the Amazon area; Directorship of the Nucleus for Latin American Studies.
She has published internationally and in Brazil several books, book chapters
and articles in Journals related to the projects below. Her selected research
projects include: Voices and Images of Dispossession. Narratives of the Brazilian
diaspora: literature and ethnic press. Latin American Postcolonial Thinking.
Theories of Translation in Latin America; translation and colonialism; translation
and Antropofagia; translation and dictatorship; cultural translation.
Intercultural Transfers. Transnational Cultural Networkings. Changing Frontiers
of Latin America (contributor). Late Modernities in Brazil (contributor). E-mail