1. "If we take the constitution, regarding the question
of land use, article numbers 185/186, what does it say? First, the land must
be productive, with a minimum production of 80%. Further, it must have 20% left
as natural reserve and also must meet labour laws. So, in our understanding,
addressing this question of the social function of the land, if we have a government
serious enough to tackle this issue, it is possible to achieve agrarian reform
and it is possible to settle all the landless not only here in Paraná
but also in all of Brazil, that is about 4.8 million families. "
2. "It's as follows: we've already set foot in the Promised
Land. So, comrades, those who've already untied their feet at the entrance can
now feel certain, can now feel that they own the land. There is now one question,
comrades, it's us that have to organize effectively in order to guarantee this
3. "Look, the Movement, in my view, is something very
important for Brazil. I see no government policy that moves in any way seriously
in the direction of rehabilitating the citizens, the struggle for citizenship.
For, in reality, it is a Movement that has led its participants to take up such
4. "That's when the difficulties began, first as a lack
of work, of food. Water was more or less two kilometers from the encampment,
and had to be fetched by bucket. Very difficult, under a hot sun, you get back
burnt to the marrow by the sun, in that heat, like fire!
It was a long way away, difficult to get to, the town was 26 kilometers away
and just to get the bus you had to walk 12 kilometers, passing through gunmen,
so it was a very big hassle."
5. "There were 220 families without resources, without
the means to live, with nothing. There I really experienced hunger. Hunger to
make you weep, everyone like this and no solution. People ate cashews, they
were in agony, they sucked sugar-cane, but there was no way people could put
up with the hunger."
6. "Everyday people could not eat, sleep, the children
didn’t have the freedom to sleep with the men nagging us. And on the day
of eviction, they came on horseback, they brought dogs, everything imaginable
to massacre us… There was a gunman."
7. "I have orders to carry out and I'll do it whatever
the cost. I carry out my boss's orders."
Roots of the Land
This film, produced by the MST, initially mentions articles from the Brazilian
Constitution that give rise to the understanding, on the part of the Landless,
that non-productive latifundia do not fulfill the social function of the land
as prescribed by law, thus showing the process of occupation as a form of access
to the land and a way of pressurizing the government to carry out agrarian reform.
The internationally renowned photographer Sebastião Salgado makes a statement
on the importance of the Movement in terms of its participants taking on responsibilities,
once the government, thus far, has not undertaken to rescue the citizenship
of the landless. Images and various interviews show the difficulties of life
in the encampments as well as the vulnerability, constant threats and extreme
discomfort faced by their inhabitants. At the same time, forms of organizing
cultural activities to rehabilitate rural traditions are sought. In a striking
moment, the film shows a scene of eviction of the encamped landless and a confrontation
with the police. The song "Acampamento" / “Settlement”,
composed and sung by Chico Buarque de Hollanda, signals the transition to a
new phase, that of the land already conquered and the start of a new life in
the settlements, in terms of collective production and distribution, the system
of cooperatives, social organization, housing and children’s education.